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DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES
AND RISK
 

 
Diagnostic Procedures and Level of Risk

Minimal Risk
  • Lab tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • EKG/EEG
  • Urinalysis
  • Ultrasound/Echocardiography
  • KOH prep
Low Risk
  • Physiologic tests not under stress (e.g., PFTs)
  • Non-cardiovascular imaging studies with contrast (e.g., barium enema)
  • Superficial needle biopsies
  • ABGs
  • Skin biopsies
Moderate Risk
  • Physiologic tests under stress (e.g., cardiac stress test)
  • Diagnostic endoscopies with no identified risk factors
  • Deep needle or incisional biopsies
  • Cardiovascular imaging studies with contrast and no identified risk factors (e.g., arteriogram, cardiac catheterization)
  • Obtain fluid from body cavity (e.g., LP, thoracentesis, culdocentesis)
High Risk
  • Cardiovascular imaging studies with contrast with identified risk factors
  • Cardiac EP testing
  • Diagnostic endoscopies with identified risk factors
  • Discography
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